Abies balsamea – Balsam Fir


A tree of Catskill mountaintops so it’s not surprising it needs a cool, moist spot in order to thrive. Can be planted in our valleys if you have a north-facing slope or other cool micro-climate. This is one of our most aromatic conifers and is favored as a Christmas tree for that reason. The needles are flattened and soft to the touch. This makes them nice for petting and smelling but also means they are not deer-resistant unlike the similar looking spruces whose sharp needles generally deter deer. Upright cones produce seeds that are eaten by chickadees, crossbills and other birds.

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Pine family, Pinaceae

Photo by Nicholas A. Tonelli from Northeast Pennsylvania, USA, CC BY 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Updated 23 September 2023

Additional information

Pot size

1-Quart, 1-Gallon, 3-Gallon, 7-Gallon